Swollen posterior cervical lymph nodes are seldom a feature of cancer, but may be present in lymphomaa cancer of the lymphatic system. Metastasis (when cancer spreads from one part of the body to another) and leukemia (cancer of the blood) may also trigger swollen lymph nodes. I have enlarged lymph glands in the posterior triangle of the right side of my neck.
On ultrasound, one was 19mms. I have had the enlargement for over a month accompanied by heat sensations, like a hives reaction without the raised skin.
Some itchiness. I had a flu 5 weeks ago and the mmr vaccination plus I hav been drinking a lot on weekends. Causes of Swollen Posterior Cervical Lymph Nodes 1. Infections. The lymph nodes receive lymphatic fluid from the neck and the head. When there is an infection in the head, lymph nodes will collect and destroy the bacteria causing the infection. During this process, the lymph nodes may swell indicating that the body has an infection.
Because of the distribution along the spinal nerve, the lymph nodes of the posterior triangle get enlarged in viral infections. Melanoma or squamous carcinoma can metastasize in the submandibular triangle and posterior triangle.
The posterior triangle is crossed, about 2. 5 cm above the clavicle, by the inferior belly of the omohyoid muscle, which divides the space into two triangles: an upper or occipital triangle a lower or subclavian triangle (or supraclavicular triangle) When a posterior cervical lymph node is swollen due to cancer, the cancer will be treated.
In addition, a biopsy of the lymph node may be performed if so the lymph nodes will be removed. When cancer has spread to the lymph nodes it changes the diagnosis of which stage the cancer is in and how the cancer will be treated.
I n the posterior triangle the spinal accessory nerve is adherent to the deep aspect of the fascial roof of the triangle and is surround by lymph nodes. Therefore, it c ould be injured in surgery requiring the removal or biopsy of lymph nodes in the posterior triangle of the neck.
Posterior triangle. The posterior triangle (Figs 7. 10 The nerve exits underneath the lateral border of the sternocleidomastoid muscle into the posterior triangle of the neck. At times it also pierces through the muscle. sublingual gland, submandibular gland, and lymph nodes, and the infrahyoid region, containing the larynx, hypopharynx Sternomastoid Region and Posterior Triangle of Neck. The anterior and posterior cervical triangles are interconnected through the substernomastoid space.
This space includes the following structures: Lymph nodes. superficial cervical deep cervical omohyoid node digastric node Miscellaneous. carotid sheath Anterior Cervical How can the answer be improved? Lymph nodes in the neck have been divided into seven levels, generally for the purpose of squamous cell carcinoma staging. Lymph node levels of the neck. A. Prof Frank Gaillard posterior triangle (spinal accessory) nodes; posterior to the back of the sternocleidomastoid muscle and anterior to the trapezius muscle